Course outcome: On successful completion of this course learners will be able to (a) Comprehend the evolution of electronic structure of atom (b) Use quantum numbers and atomic orbital equations to visualize the shapes of orbitals (c) Recognize the relationship between position of an element in periodic table and its atomic properties and the periodic trend in properties (d) Explain the concept of chemical bonding (e) Analyse the properties of gases, liquids, solids and solutions
1.To develop conceptual knowledge about the electronic structure of atom, organization of periodic table and trend in atomic properties, properties of physical states of matter.
2.Apply the concepts to write electronic configuration of elements. Comprehend, analyse and predict type of chemical bonds and properties of matter.
Unit I (Kinetics of Electrode Reactions): Mass transfer by Diffusion and Migration – models of electrode reactions – current potential characteristics – general mass transfer equation , migration and diffusion Unit II (Potential Step Methods): Types of techniques, step under diffusion control, Ilkovic equation – polarographic analysis – sampled current voltammetry: reversible, irreversible processes, multicomponent systems Unit III (Chrono Methods): Chronoamperometry, chrono coulometry – pulse polarographic methods: Tast pulse, normal pulse, differential pulse Unit IV (Potential Sweep Methods): Cyclic Voltammetry: Nernstian reversible, totally irreversible, quasi-reversible processes, multicomponent systems – convolute or semi-integral techniques Unit V (Bulk Electrolysis Techniques): Classification of methods – Controlled Potential methods: current – time behaviour, electrogravimetry, electro-separation – Coulometric measurements: controlled current methods: characteristics, coulometric methods – Electrometric end point detection: classification, potentiometric, amperometry methods.
Unit II (Statistical Thermodynamics – Partition function and implications)
Probability, Bose-Einstein, Fermi-Dirac, Boltzmann statistics and distribution and sterling’s approximation, Partition function and thermodynamic properties - Partition function- translational, rotational, vibrational, electronic,- entropy, energy and heat capacity – heat capacity of solids – equilibrium constant
Unit III (Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics)
Entropy production, flux-force relationship, Onsager reciprocal relationship, electrochemical potential, steady state entropy
Unit IV (Reaction Dynamics)
Potential energy surfaces-electronically excited molecules, bimolecular collisions, Molecular beam Scattering, statistical approach of reaction dynamics to transition state theory, unimolecular reaction dynamics, transition state theory of solution reactions, kramers’s theory,
Unit V (Electrode Kinetics)
Electrical double layer, Aspects of electrochemical reactions, elucidation of mechanism of an electrode reaction
Chem: 321 Organic chemistry II Theme Functional group transformations.
Objectives: To analyse the structure of given organic molecules and identify reaction centers. Recognize the reactivity pattern. Predict the outcome of the reaction. Explain the mechanism
Organic chemistry concepts related to functional group transformations will be discussed. A mechanism based approach will be adopted. Factors contributing to the reactivity pattern will be discussed. Discussion will be centered around analysis of structure of given organic substrate, identification of reactive parts of the molecule, recognizing the electronic nature of the reaction centers and reagents, predicting overall transformation and justifying the transformation.
Unit I (Heterocycles)
Chemistry of five and six–membered aromatic heterocycles with one hetero atom-
synthesis and reactions of pyrrole, furan, thiophene, pyridine, indole, quinoline and
isoquinoline and biologically important heterocycles
(Chapter 27 of Bruice)
Unit II (Carbohydrates and Lipids)
Carbohydrates: Classification, configuration of aldoses and ketoses, reactions of
monosaccharides, chain elangation, chain shortening, stereochemistry of glucose, the
Fischer proof, cyclic structure of mono saccharides, formation of glycosides, reducing and
non-reducing sugar, determination of ring size, di-saccharides and poly-saccharides.
(Chapter 20 of Bruice.)
Lipids: Fatty acids, waxes, fats and oils, membranes .
(Chapter 24 of Bruice)
Unit III (Amino acids, peptides and proteins)
Classification and nomenclature of amino acids – configuration of amino acids, acid-base
amino acids—isoelectric points—primary structure of peptides – end terminal analysis –
peptides synthesis—secondary structure of proteins tertiary and quaternary structure of
(Chapter 21 of Bruice.)
Unit IV (Nucleosides, nucleotides and nucleic acids)
Nucleosides and nucleotides, nucleic acids, helical forms of DNA, DNA replication.
(Chapter 25 of Bruice).
Unit V (Polymers and drugs)
Introduction to synthetic polymers: General classes of synthetic polymers, chain growth
polymers, stereo chemistry of polymerization, polymerization of dienes, co-polymers,
step-growth polymers, physical properties of polymers, bio-degradable polymers.
(Chapter 26 of Bruice)
Introduction to organic chemistry of drugs: Naming drugs, lead compounds, molecular
modification, random screening, serendipity in drug development, receptors, drugs as
enzyme inhibitors, QSAR, anti-viral drugs (Chapter 30 of Bruice.)
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