Pre-requisite: A pass in higher secondary with mathematics as one of the subjects On successful completion of this course learners will be able to apply the basic principles of chemistry in comprehending and investigating chemical reactions.
1. To develop the concept of equilibrium and its application to study chemical phenomenon.
2. To introduce the concept of radioactivity and its applications.
3. To introduce the basic principles of metallurgy.
4. To introduce organic functional groups and biomolecules.
Unit I Chemical Equilibrium:
The Concept of Dynamic Equilibrium, The Equilibrium Constant (K), Heterogeneous Equilibria: Reactions involving Solids and Liquids, Calculating the Equilibrium Constant, The Reaction Quotient: Predicting the Direction of Change, Finding Equilibrium Concentrations, Le Châtelier’s Principle, solubility equilibria, complex ion equilibria
Unit II Acids and Bases
Definitions, Acid strength and acid dissociation constant, auto ionization of water and pH, strong and weak acids, base solutions, buffers, acid-base properties of ions, polyprotic acids, Lewis concept
Unit III Ionic equilibrium and electrochemistry
Buffers, range and capacity, titration pH curves - Balancing redox reactions, Galvanic cells and spontaneous chemical reactions, standard electrode potential, cell potential, free energy and equilibrium constant, corrosion
Unit IV Radioactivity and metallurgy
Discovery, types, valley of stability of nucleus, detection, kinetics of radioactivity, fission, mass defect and nuclear energy, fusion, nuclear transmutation and trans-uranium elements, application in medicine – natural distribution of metals, metallurgical processes, metal structure and alloys, basic information about transition metals
Unit V Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry
Nature of carbon, hydrocarbons, hydrocarbon reactions, aromatic hydrocarbons, functional groups: alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, esters, ethers, amines – Lipids, carbohydrates, proteins and amino acids, protein structure, nucleic acids, DNA
Chemistry A Molecular approach, Nivaldo J Tro, 4ed, Pearson, 2017