Course List

7. CHEM101 General Chemistry – I

Credits: 3-1-0-3

Prerequisites: None

Unit-I (Fundamental concepts; Measurements in Chemistry; Language of Chemistry) Chemistry: Matter, Energy, Chemical and Physical Properties, Classifying Matter; Atoms and Molecules; Fundamental concepts and language of chemistry. (Chapter 1 and 2 of Robinson)

Unit - II (Atoms and molecules) Atomic and Molecular Masses: molecular formula determination, Stoichiometry and Chemical Change, quantitative analysis, Thermochemistry: enthalpyand its consequences Atoms: Structure and spectra, introduction to quantum theory, The Periodic Table: Electron Configuration and general properties (Chapters 3, 4, and 5 of Robinson) 

Unit – III (Chemical bonding; molecular structures and models of covalent bonds) Ionic Bonding, covalent bonding: oxidation states and Lewis symbol, Valence Bond Theory: Hybridization of Atomic Orbitals: sp Hybridization, sp 2 Hybridization, sp 3 Hybridization, sp 3 d and sp 3 d 2 Hybridization, Assignment of Hybrid Orbital to central atoms, Hybridization involving double and triple bonds. Molecular Orbital Theory: Molecular Orbitals, Molecular Orbital energy diagrams, Bond order, H2 and He 2 Molecules, Diatomic Molecules of the Second Period. (Chapters 6, 7 of Robinson) 

Unit – IV: (Gases, intermolecular forces, liquids and solids; solutions and colloids) The Macroscopic Behavior of Gases: Temperature, gas laws. The Microscopic Behavior of Gases: Kinetic and molecular theory of gases, intermolecular forces Properties of Liquids and Solids: forces between molecules, properties of liquidsand solids, structure of crystal and solids. The nature of solutions: The formation of solutions, dissolutions of ioniccompounds, dissolution of molecular electrolytes. Macroscopic Properties of Solutions: Solutions of gases in lipids, solutions ofliquids in lipids, the effect of temperature on the solubility of solids in water, solid solutions. Expressing Concentration: Percent composition, molarity, molality, mole fraction. Colligative Properties of Solutions, colloids chemistry (Chapters 10, 11, and 12 of Robinson) 

Unit – V (Introductory organic chemistry: Structure and bonding at carbon) Elemental carbons and compounds. Organic Compounds of Carbon: Alkanes, nomenclature, Hydrocarbons. Derivatives of aromatic and non-aromatic hydrocarbons. Polymers: Factors that affect properties of polymers, polymer properties, kinds of polymers (Chapters 9 and 24 of Robinson)

Text Book:

1. General Chemistry, W. R. Robinson, J. D. Odom, H. F. Holtzclaw, Jr., Tenth Edition, AITBS, Publishers, New Delhi.

Further Reading:

 General Chemistry, D. D. Ebbing, 7 Edition, AITBS Publishers, New Delhi.