8. CHEM102 General Chemistry – II
Unit – I (Chemical thermodynamics; Electrochemistry; Oxidation – Reduction) The first law of thermodynamics, state functions. Work and heat Galvanic Cells and Cell Potentials: Galvanic cells, cell potentials, standard electrode potentials, circulation of cell potentials, relationship of the cell potential and the equilibrium constant.- Batteries: Primary cells, secondary cells, fuel cells, corrosion. Electrolytic cells: The electrolysis of molten sodium chloride, the electrolysis of aqueous solutions, electrolytic disposition of metals, Faraday’s Law of electrolysis. (Chapters 18 and 19 of Robinson)
Unit – II (Introduction to nuclear chemistry) Stabilty of nuclei, nuclear reactions, nuclear energy, nuclear series, and other applications (Chapter 20)
Unit – III (Chemistry of metals and semi-metals; co-ordination compounds) The elemental representative metals: Periodic relationships among groups, preparation of representative metals, chemical compounds The semi-metals: The chemical behavior and structures of the semi-metals, occurrence and preparation of boron and silicon, boron and silicon hydrides, boron and silicon halides, boron and silicon oxides and derivative. The transition elements, properties of the transition elements, preparation of the transition elements, compounds of the transition elements, copper oxide superconductors. Coordination compounds: Basic concepts, the naming of the complexes, the structures of complexes, isomerism in complexes, uses of complexes. Introduction to bonding: VSEPR, crystal field theory, properties and bonding (Chapter 22 and 23 of Robinson)
Unit – IV (Introductory organic chemistry: Structure and bonding at carbon; stereochemistry) Organic Compounds of Carbon: Alkanes, nomenclature, Hydrocarbons. Derivatives of aromatic and non-aromatic hydrocarbons - Polymers: Factors that affect properties of polymers, polymer properties, kinds of polymers - Stereochemistry of carbon compounds: stereo-structures – ways of representing stereo chemistry, stereo chemistry of simple hetero nuclear rings - Stereoisomerism: enantiomers and diastereomers; concept of chirality, priority rules. (Chapters 9 and 24 of Robinson)
Unit – V (Organic reaction mechanisms) Types of organic reactions - addition, substitution, elimination reactions - interpretation of reaction profiles – Introductory treatment. (Chapter 9 of Robinson)
General Chemistry, W. R. Robinson, J. D. Odom, H. F. Holtzclaw, Jr., Tenth Edition, AITBS Publishers, New Delhi.
General Chemistry, D. D. Ebbing, 7
Edition, AITBS Publishers, New Delhi.